This book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including illustrations, in any form beyond that copying permitted by Sections and of the U. Copyright Law and except by reviewers for the public press , without written permission from the publisher. Prince, Susan Hukill. ISBN cloth : acid-free paper 1.
Antisthenes of Athens : setting the world aright
Antisthenes, approximately B. Philosophy, Ancient. Cynics Greek philosophy I. A34P '. It is my pleasure to thank the people who have helped me most in the formula- tion and completion of this book. Jim Porter directed the University of Michigan dissertation that represents my first attempt at Antisthenes. No fol- lower of received opinion, Jim pointed to Antisthenes as a way of access into the world beyond Plato on questions of rhetoric and its various implications. From a basement in Naples, as I recall, he acquired for me a copy of the edition of Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae, which has been my working copy ever since.
I did pay him. At many turns he has presented me with stimulat- ing questions that have led to deeper levels of inquiry than I would have found myself. My persisting interest in Homer has been fundamentally shaped by Ruth, and Ludwigs insights on the and mythical tradition in general still come to mind many years later; Sara kept me sound on Antisthenes basic identity as a philosopher and solicited my contribution to her Blackwell Companion to Socrates; Ann has indirectly taught me about ancient medicine and remains my model for the generous scholarly mentor; Bruces anthropology course Language as Social Action helped me to sort out some of the many possible functions of logos.
During my years at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Eckart Schtrumpf stood as a model for the philological scholar of philosophical texts, and my work with him on the fragments of Heraclides of Pontus was influential on the present edition.
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Colleagues at the University of Cincinnati supported my career in many respects. Kathryn Gutzwiller suggested that a commentary was the most promising form for the contribution I sought to make to scholarship on Antisthenes, which is revisionist, in some cases, at the textual level. The project in its current form would have been impossible without the immense resources of the Burnham Classical Library and its staff, especially Jacqueline Riley, Mi- chael Braunlin, Cade Stevens, and the late David Ball.
I thank Maria Pantelia and the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae for permission to copy and cite from its texts, to leave aside my gratitude for its very existence.
I thank Dumbarton Oaks, and its librarians Deb Stewart and Linda Lott, for permission to use its collection in summer Larry Jost of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Cincinnati allowed me to audit his seminar on Platos Theaetetus in fall , and this was invaluable for extending my knowledge of that text, which must be related to Antisthenes in some way.
Larry also introduced me to the Ohio Read- ing Group in Ancient Philosophy, whose members have helped me in the en- deavor of sharpening my philosophical understanding. Mary Louise Gill kindly fielded unsolicited email inquiries with careful explanations and previews of unpublished work. David Blank pointed me to the latest editions of Philode- mus.
I am a scholar of language and literature and not a philosopher, but I hope that my philosophy teachers can hold favorable attitudes about the forma- tive influences each has had on me. Ewen Bowie, my primary tutor at Corpus, made me a Hellenist and shaped my approaches to ancient literature, before ei- ther of us had thought much about Antisthenes. Parts of this book were read by Karin Schlapbach, Carl Huffmann, Fred Miller, and two anonymous readers for the University of Michigan Press, whose insightful suggestions I acknowledge. I would like to thank Richard Janko for suggestions on text-critical issues and correction of many small errors.
Michael Hanel helped with editing and com- piling the indices, and John Wallrodt helped with computer-related matters. I thank Philip Bosman of the University of South Africa and Vladislav Suvk of the University of Preov for opportunities to submit synthetic papers on An- tisthenes while this book was in press.
Thanks to the Louise Taft Semple Trustees for a special subvention supporting the pen-and-ink production of this book.
ANTISTHENES OF ATHENS: TEXTS, TRANSLATIONS, AND COMMENTARY
In a work of this scope, there will remain errors small and large, and these are my errors. My family, especially my husband Matthew and my children Christo- pher, Elissa, and Julia, my mother Margaret and my brother Jamie, have been more than patient during the period of this books development.
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I could not get away with the fortunate life I am leading, with the blessing of three beauti- ful and lively children, without Matthews constant support and love, as well as many hours of single parenting. My deep thanks go to Ellen Bauerle of the University of Michigan Press, her assistant Alexa Ducsay, Mary Hashman, and the copyediting team for enabling the publication of this work. It is my honor to publish with Michigan, where my work on Antisthenes was first begun. Davies Oxford: Clarendon Press, Reimer, Adorno Florence: Olschki, Macchiaroli, DC Antisthenis Fragmenta, ed.
Decleva Caizzi Milan: Istituto editoriale cisalpino, DK Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, ed.
Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Diels and W. Kranz, 6th ed. Berlin: Weidmann, Jacoby Berlin and Leiden: Weidmann, Denniston Oxford: Clarendon Press, Osborne and S. Byrne Oxford: Clarendon Press, Liddell, R. Scott, H. Jones, and R. Mckenzie Oxford: Clarendon Press, Meiggs and D. Lewis Oxford: Clarendon, Traill Toronto: Athenians, PCG Poetae comici Graeci, ed. Kassel and C.
Austin Berlin: De Gruyter, POxy The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, ed. Grenfell and A. Hunt London: Egypt Exploration Fund, PMG Poetae melici Graeci, ed. Page Oxford: Oxford University Press, Metzler, ; ser. Sauerlnder, Naples: Bibliopolis, SVF Stoicorum veterum fragmenta, ed. Leipzig: Teubner, TrGF Tragicorum Graecorum fragmenta, ed. Snell, S. Radt, R. Kannicht et al.
Gttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Any attempt to reconstruct [this fragmentary writers] thought requires fantasy and imagination. But fantasy must be responsible to the evidence, and imagina- tion must acknowledge one sobering fact: we do not know much about [him]. All Barnes is doing here, though, is reminding us of the sad fact If one is not inclined to make the most of these, then one should probably leave the field alone. John Dillon, The Middle Platonists 2nd ed.
This book is primarily a commentary on the edition of the surviving textual passages by and about Antisthenes of Athens, the famed disciple of Socrates c. Adaptations have been made in some textual readings, length of excerpts, and, in a few cases, the selection of passages; the numerous typographical errors that not only once but twice slipped through the publication process of Giannantonis collection have been corrected. Little or nothing that can be called fragments of Antisthenes own writ- ing remains, although he reportedly wrote much: what we have are several dozen testimonia, including synthetic portraits by Xenophon and Diogenes Laertius, and two short fictional speeches attributed to Antisthenes that sur- vive in full.
The authors of these testimonia range in date from Antisthenes contemporaries to his fans eight centuries later and also include hostile critics,. Giannantonis Socraticorum Reliquiae included numerous typographical errors, all re- peated in In some cases, his constitutions of the texts failed to take account of the most recent scholarship available. The review of SSR by S. Slings attacks Giannantoni for depending on H. Longs Diogenes Laertius and overlooking Patzer on t. The works great merit is the collection and intelligent organization of a very large portion of the surviving testimonia on the minor Socratics.
For those who stand by careful use of authentic fragments in Hermann Diels sense, Antisthenes has seemed of almost no value or interest. Certainty is possible on few topics. But the testimonia, one could wager, do carry a story; and Antisthenes was rarely so prestigious that his thoughts or authorship were forged fantastically, as might be true for figures such as Pythagoras, Socrates, or Diogenes of Sinope. It is worth making the most we can of the hints and scraps of evidence about Antisthenes that survived antiquity, because he was one of, if not the most important among, Platos intellectual contemporaries in the world of post- Socratic Athens.
However great Plato was and however great and powerful his philosophy became particularly in comparison to that of his contemporaries over the decades of his life and the phases of his literary production, Plato did not become great by himself. Nor is it likely that his star pupil Aristotle was the only person who stimulated Plato to become ever greater or that the materialist physicist Democritus was the only contemporary rival who was refuted, un- named, behind the scenes and between the lines of Platos dialogues.
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle do not form a linear and self-contained tradition in early Greek philosophy: rather, they lived in the well-populated intellectual world of classical Athens, where dozens of serious thinkers influenced each other every day through rivalry and mutual inspiration. Antisthenes must have been im- portant among these.
kick-cocoa.info/components/cyfukicos/fewob-controllare-spazio.php The methodological principles of this edition follow from the beginning laid out by Giannantoni and the nature of the material he collected. First, given that almost everything we have from Antisthenes is testimonia, understanding the purposes of the preserving authors is fundamental to understanding every- thing said about Antisthenes. Simple excerpts can be read as such only when the proximate author was someone like Stobaeus who, as it happens, probably did not read Antisthenes directly , and even then, Antisthenes position in a range of passages can illuminate the importance recognized in him.
The boundar- ies of citation are rarely to be defined exactly, and the overall program of each text that cites Antisthenes must be considered. There are probably words and phrases in many testimonia that Antisthenes generated himself: these can be recognized by their oddity or emphasis, their consistency among themselves, and their difference from the normal practices of the citing authors. But it is rarely certain that any particular word or phrase can be attributed to Antis- thenes, and discussion is required most of the time. This is the major reason that a commentary is the best form for basic treatment of Antisthenes literary remains.
Second, a holistic approach to Antisthenes is critical to making progress with this author and thinker. All the testimonia and both speeches must be ac- counted for in any convincing overview of Antisthenes.